Shop Mobile More Submit  Join Login


Submitted on
June 27, 2011
Image Size
3.2 MB


12,299 (9 today)
187 (who?)
" The Bloody April " by rOEN911 " The Bloody April " by rOEN911
In April, the Allies launched a joint ground offensive, with the British attacking near Arras in Artois, northern France, while the French Nivelle Offensive was launched on the Aisne. Their air forces were called on to provide support, predominantly in reconnaissance and artillery spotting.

The Battle of Arras began on 9 April 1917. In support, the RFC deployed 25 squadrons, totalling 365 aircraft, about ⅓ of which were fighters (or "scouts" as they were called at the time). There were initially only five German Jastas (fighter squadrons) in the region, but this rose to eight as the battle progressed (some 80 or so operational fighter aircraft in total).

Since September 1916, the Germans had held the upper hand in the perpetual contest for air supremacy on the Western Front, with the twin-lMG 08 machine gun-armed Albatros D.II and D.III outclassing the British and French fighters charged with protecting the vulnerable B.E.2c, F.E.2b and Sopwith 1 Strutter two-seater reconnaissance and bomber machines. The allied fighter squadrons were equipped with obsolete 'pushers' such as the Airco DH.2 and F.E.8, and other outclassed types such as the Nieuport 17. Only the SPAD S.VII, Sopwith Pup and Triplane could compete on equal terms with the Albatros, but these were few in number and spread along the front. The new generation of Allied fighters were not yet ready for service, although No. 56 Squadron RFC with the S.E.5 was working up to operational status in France. The Bristol F2A also made its debut with No. 48 Squadron during April, but lost heavily on its very first patrol, with four out of six shot down in an encounter with five Albatros D.IIIs of Jasta 11, led by Manfred von Richthofen.

During April 1917, the British lost 245 aircraft, 211 aircrew killed or missing and 108 as prisoners of war. The German Air Services lost 66 aircraft from all causes. As a comparison, in the five months of 1916's Battle of the Somme the RFC had suffered 576 casualties. Under Richthofen's leadership, Jasta 11 scored 89 victories during April, over a third of the British losses.

The month marked the nadir of the RFC's fortunes. However, despite the losses inflicted, the German Air Service failed to stop the RFC carrying out its prime objectives. The RFC continued to support the army throughout the Arras offensive with up-to-date aerial photographs, reconnaissance information and harassing bombing raids. In spite of their ascendancy, the German squadrons continued to be used defensively, flying for the most part behind their own lines. Thus the Jastas established "air superiority", but certainly not air supremacy.

Within a couple of months the new technologically advanced generation of fighter (the SE.5, Sopwith Camel, and SPAD S.XIII) entered service in numbers and quickly gained ascendancy over the over-worked Jastas. As the fighter squadrons became able to once more adequately protect the slower reconnaissance and artillery observation machines, RFC losses fell and German losses rose.

This was essentially the last time that the Germans possessed real air superiority for the rest of the war although the degree of allied dominance in the air certainly varied.

Background by [link]
Add a Comment:
gpronger Featured By Owner Feb 9, 2014
Great art work. Was the dogfight between Hawker and Richthofen inspiration?
Giuliabeck Featured By Owner Mar 10, 2013  Student Digital Artist
This. THIS. It's so freaking epic, I love the Red Baron! You did a wonderful job, it's a great shot. I'm researching like crazy about aviation for a webcomic lately, this will sure come in handy. Thank you so much, you're amazing!
The Allbatros D.II and Dva are my favorites from the whole war, I love their shark-like shape!
rOEN911 Featured By Owner Mar 11, 2013  Hobbyist Digital Artist
i am glad you like it ,even if it old image its good !
JonasComba Featured By Owner Jan 1, 2013  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
RISE OF FLIGHT is the games name. I got several screenies!
JonasComba Featured By Owner Jan 1, 2013  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Hmmm that game I reconize... Russians rocks when it comes to make flight sims...
LittleFoxStudio Featured By Owner Dec 5, 2011  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Very cool. Especially Manfred's there. Big fan of his.
Centurion9A Featured By Owner Nov 7, 2011  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Love those Albatrosses, and the clouds are gorgeous
rOEN911 Featured By Owner Nov 7, 2011  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Glad you like it :)
ebag5 Featured By Owner Aug 5, 2011  Professional Filmographer
Really really nice job man. I love this one, but I've been looking at a lot of your work and you somehow seem to capture everything in a way that makes it seem like a still from a film. It's usually quite rare and difficult to do this, especially with planes (even some really well-known artists often leave the works looking very stationary... 'Good' but no movement). But you seem to do it very well indeed- Great Job!
rOEN911 Featured By Owner Aug 6, 2011  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Glad you like it mate,I have started some more projects but at the moment i am very busy...but soon i will.
cowboykiwi Featured By Owner Jun 28, 2011  Professional Interface Designer

the clouds are stunningly beautiful, and i do like the realism of MvR's DIII: you are really skilled!
rOEN911 Featured By Owner Jun 28, 2011  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Thanks a lot mate.
Add a Comment: